The Demise of Iran’s Warrior Monk

Assessing the implications of the death of General Soleimani

The media is full of reporting and analysis as a result of the death of General Soleimani due to US intervention, the promise of retaliation by Iran and threat of further attacks on fifty-two Iranian sites by the US if they do. The reporting has focused on the wider strategic defence and security implications but what does it mean for other organisations with assets and personnel in or visiting the region?  Here we attempt to provide a practical look at the changing threat environment and offer some advice on what should be done.

Who was he and why is he important?

Firstly, it’s important to understand the gravity of this event. Soleimani was a senior and respected Iranian General who reported directly to the Supreme leader Ayatollah Khamenei. For over twenty years he has commanded the Quds Force. A unit within the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps charged with conducting unconventional warfare and special operations on behalf of the Iranian state as a cornerstone of their foreign more

A Good Innings

Close Protection and lessons from the Cricket World Cup

Having been involved in the provision of close protection at the Cricket World Cup (CWC) earlier this year it is perhaps an appropriate time to reflect on some of the key factors to consider when providing personal security for individuals and teams involved in elite sport..

Firstly, it is important to establish the ground rules as everyone is different. You need to understand your client’s tolerances when it comes to the media and public attention. While some love the media and direct contact with adoring fans, others value their privacy. Attitudes can change over time, by the end of a long tournament, such as the CWC, lasting many weeks, players may become less tolerant and amenable to the constant demand for autographs and selfies. Consider cultural factors too if managing an overseas team. The norm in terms of attitudes and behaviours towards the general public can vary considerably, as can those of the public of course. The friendly autograph hunter on being barred entry to the hotel can quickly become an angry and disruptive presence (happens a lot).read more

Franchising Terror

What next from Islamic State?

Islamic State (IS) in Syria as a territorial entity has effectively been defeated. As a result, over 30,000 fighters and families have been displaced with many being held in Kurdish camps including some foreign fighters. Al Baghdadi the organisation’s leader has responded by making a rare video appearance. His message, I am still here and so is Islamic State, our focus has changed but we are still leading the struggle. He refers to the long battle ahead and to affiliates across the globe, specifically acknowledging the recent attacks in Sri Lanka as an example of a partnership in terror.

Sitting on the floor cross legged, with a short barrel AK 47 at his side in a pose mimicking that of Usama Bin Laden in footage after 9/11. Baghdadi, casting himself in the image of a guerrilla leader and IS as an insurgency movement rather than as the established Khalif of an Islamic State, as he did when he last stood before the cameras in Mosul five years ago.

A reminder that the threat from Islamic State is multifaceted and global and still represents the primary international terrorist threat. Its perhaps illustrative that the US governments price on Al Baghdadi’s head is now twenty-five million USD, while Usama Bin Laden’s son only commands a mere one more

Blank Walls and Dry Bars

Loss of liberty due to state actor intervention

Much is written and said about the threat from kidnapping and hostage taking overseas and a lucrative industry has developed around kidnap and ransom insurance policies and negotiating expertise. The reality, however, is that you or your staff are far more likely to be detained by state actors such as the police or immigration services than by criminals or terrorists, yet the subject gets far less coverage. So, what are the key issues to consider?

We discuss loss of liberty, as we call it on our Complex Environment Awareness Training (CEAT) courses from a kidnap perspective but also possible arrest or detention by state actors. At the outset we always ask our students “have any of you been detained?” It’s very rare to find anyone who has been a kidnap victim, bar our own loss of liberty instructor who was held by the Khmer Rouge while working as a UN Observer!

On the other hand, we do on occasion come across one or two in a group who have been arrested. In fact, around 6,000 British nationals are detained while overseas every year with over 100, around 2%, complaining to the UK authorities of ill treatment or more

Beyond the Barricades

2019 a look at the year ahead

With the Christmas and New Year break over inevitably the news will soon be full of Brexit yet again, the prospect of a no deal and barricades at Dover manned by the Border Force. Last year the word Brexit was apparently used on Radio 4’s Today Programme five and a half million times. The danger for those of us who need to take a wider international view of global security is that Brexit threatens to drown out all other news and thus skew our interpretation of world events.

A broader look at international reporting over the month of December paints an interesting picture at the strategic and tactical level. The US withdrawal of troops from Syria threatens to push the Kurds into an awkward alliance with President Assad in order to avoid destruction by Turkish forces and in so doing increase the regime’s leverage. Assad loyalists, Iran and Russia will inevitably gain while the West may lose a valuable ally in Syria and Iraq and thus change the balance of power in the Middle more

Everyone a Human Radar

Why your staff should be the first line of defence

Suspicious Person Observation Training (SPOT) should now be a priority for security managers of crowded and public spaces in order to improve the ability of their workforce to detect suspicious behaviour.

So, what exactly is SPOT and what are the benefits?

As a former Assistant Chief Constable, I had the portfolios not only for Crime and Operations but also Counter Terrorism. There was always a need to ensure organisers of events and those responsible for the safety of large crowds such as shopping malls and stadiums, had the very latest information on best practice and were encouraged to embrace strategies and tactics that were proven to reduce more

SPOT the Difference

Detecting suspicious behaviours

In our high-tech world, it is easy to overlook the simpler and more obvious human solutions to the challenges we face and nowhere is this truer than in the security arena and the protection of crowded and public spaces.

Technology has a role to play of course, be it the provision and monitoring of CCTV, sniffer detection systems, access controls including body and bag scanners and so the list goes on. However, we should not overlook the contribution that staff who work in these spaces can make. Collectively providing a powerful mass observation tool that can be mobilised with just a little training. We refer to this as turning everyone into a human radar through use of the old fashioned but highly effective MK 1 eyeball coupled with our instinctive ability to know when something is not right or ‘sixth sense’.read more

A Room with a View

The Terrorist Threat to International Hotels

We are often asked about hotel selection and occasionally room selection too. Where we choose to stay is of course a key decision when planning an overseas trip. Thefts from hotel rooms account for one third of all travel insurance loss claims and poor food hygiene in hotel kitchens is a major cause of illness while travelling.

Then of course there is the issue of terrorism. Complex attacks on hotels are relatively rare but on the increase. Since 2002 there have been over 50 resulting in more than 1,000 casualties across 19 countries. Those affected include Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iraq and Somalia as one would expect, but also Thailand with 7 attacks and Indonesia with 5. The list also includes Kenya, the Philippines, Egypt and of course Tunisia where 30 UK nationals were killed.

There were 19 such attacks across the African continent alone. Hence the threat is not limited to high threat locations but to medium level, complex environments more

A Wolf in Sheep’s Clothing

Countering the threat from Lone Actors

There has been a steady growth in so called ‘Lone Actor’ attacks by individuals inspired by but not directed or controlled by extremist groups like Islamic State. Influenced by other radicals within their immediate community and on-line propaganda, they employ everyday items such as vehicles and knives to carry out so called simple attacks requiring little if any preparation or planning.

They are much harder for the police and security services to counter. The lack of pre-event activity and little if any association with known extremist networks makes early identification and disruption of their plans difficult if not impossible for the authorities.

Lone Actors therefore present a particular challenge and the emphasis is therefore on all of us to use our eyes and ears to identify suspicious behaviour at the tactical level, particularly when in crowded and public spaces, and to identify these individuals during their target reconnaissance or when they are preparing for the attack itself.

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The Pen is mightier than the Sword

A critique of public information security initiatives

There have been an increasing number of public information initiatives of late in response to the recent terrorist attacks across Europe and the real threat of further terrorist attacks in the UK. These campaigns rely on the power of a few words to convey a strong message in an attempt to capture the public’s attention, influence behaviour and shape their responses but how effective are they? Can the word really be mightier than the sword?

The most recent of these initiatives is ‘Action Counters Terrorism’ (ACT) which uses a range of on-line media in order to communicate with the general public. The campaign asks people to take note of and report a range of suspicious activities and behaviours relating to attack planning and preparation.

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